State of the City Report 2020
Dear Brno citizens,
You already have in front of you the fourth State of the City Report. Just as in previous years, we want to share with you some interesting figures associated with the city of Brno. We no longer have to tell you that it is again in a light and playful form. If you want to dive into numbers and statistics a little deeper, visit our data portal at Data.brno.cz. We have been collecting and publishing a number of interesting data, articles, applications and surveys related to our city and its inhabitants for two years already.
Life in Brno is a matter of course for many of us, some are just getting to know it, and others are only preparing for it. Brno wants to have its arms open in friendship for all existing and new residents. For this to be possible, we need to know the city and its functioning well, and on this basis manage and develop it well – our goal is therefore to contribute to an understanding of how and why the city works in different areas of life. In this year’s State of the City Report, most of the statistics and figures come out positively for Brno. This is particularly beneficial given the situation that has arisen due to the spread of COVID-19. It can be assumed that next year the statistics (especially economic ones) will not be so great. However, the city has an excellent starting position to manage the situation well. Finally, let us only add that we are presenting the city as usual through data and information organised into the five areas of the strategy #brno2050 – Environment, Prosperity, Services, Resources and Governance. A new feature is that we add a brief introduction to each area, how to look at the area through figures and how to read the data. We wish you inspiring and amusing reading.
PROSPERITYZobrazit textový popis / Read More
To what extent is Brno the prosperous and attractive city it wants to be? First, a little demography: in Brno there was once more an increase in population in 2019, which is a basic indicator of the prosperity and attractiveness of the city. The high number of children born is still maintained, which is good news. In terms of the ratio of children born per 1,000 inhabitants (which is 12.2 children), Brno is even in first place among all 77 districts of the Czech Republic. The fact that families are doing well in Brno is also confirmed by the highest number of marriages since 2008 and at the same time the lowest number of divorces in the last 20 years! Hence, we have over two thousand new marriages in Brno. But let us also look at the age structure of Brno’s population – for example, elderly people make up one-fifth of the city’s population, with Žabovřesky being the oldest part of the city according to the share of the population aged 65+. On the other hand, the highest representation of the children’s component of the population can be found in Žebětín. Due to the nationwide demographic development in Brno, the number of university students is in slight decline – in recent years it has stabilised above the line of 60 thousand, while the number of students from abroad is growing. Not only thanks to this, the number of foreign nationals in the city is increasing, in addition to Slovaks, these are mainly Ukrainians, Vietnamese and Russians. It can be estimated that up to 45 thousand foreign nationals live in Brno, which is about one tenth of the city’s population. And now a bit about economic development: in 2019, unemployment remained very low at less than four percent, and there was about one job seeker per vacancy. This was one of the factors in the further growth in wages of the residents of Brno, when the average wage soared to almost forty thousand; however, there is a catch – women earned on average ten thousand less than men. We also selected foreign direct investment from additional economic indicators. Its influx into Brno is not as great as in other large cities in the Czech Republic, such as Ostrava, Pilsen or Mladá Boleslav. However, the interest in Brno is confirmed by another indicator – we observe a record-breaking demand for office space, which currently occupies the area of 85 football fields. The demand for housing in Brno also grew at a record-breaking rate – thus increasing the prices of flats, both for purchase and rent – if you wanted to buy a 60 square metre flat in Brno, you had to prepare four and a half million Czech crowns, or you needed almost fifteen thousand to rent such an apartment. The growth in the number of newly-completed dwellings, of which 1,447 were completed last year, responded to this demand. A sociological survey of housing shows that people like their living in Brno and plan to stay in Brno or its surroundings even if they want or need to move (and there are about one third of such people). Finally, a look at prosperity from a larger territorial perspective: Brno forms a natural functional unit with its hinterland, and in this Brno Metropolitan Area, almost 75% of the gross domestic product of the entire South Moravian Region and 8% of the GDP of the entire Czech Republic are generated.
SERVICESZobrazit textový popis / Read More
Brno wants to be a socially cohesive and safe city, where people like to play sports and live healthily, and where culture and creativity thrive. The services of the city must correspond to all this. So let’s start with security statistics. Although crime in Brno has steadily declined in recent years, there was a slight increase in the number of crimes in 2019. Hence, we recorded over ten and a half thousand crimes in 2019. More minor offences than in previous years were recorded as well – there were 160 thousand of them last year, and it probably will not be a big surprise that most of the minor offences were parking tickets. In Brno, we do not consider anyone inferior and we can be proud of our long-term running system of social services – these are provided by a total of 68 organisations (54 of them are non-governmental non-profit organisations and the rest are organisations established by the city). For example, almost 2,400 beds in social care facilities can be used in the care of the elderly. This segment is well complemented by living in nursing homes and other alternative forms of housing. This is also perceived by the inhabitants of the city themselves, who in their preferences support the construction of both housing in homes for the elderly and housing in nursing homes, as well as start-up housing for young people or rental municipal housing. There are also good conditions prevailing in the field of health services, which is doubly valuable today. Brno is a centre of highly specialised medical care, at the same time we have 10 doctors per thousand inhabitants and 135 hospital beds per ten thousand inhabitants. However, other types of services are also needed, for example for tourists. Although Brno is not a typical tourist destination, nine out of ten tourists like Brno and satisfied visitors return here. Perhaps that is why the number of offers of alternative accommodation for tourists is growing – in the summer we recorded about 750 offers of Airbnb. Another interesting fact from the cultural and creative field – last year, nine film projects were shot in Brno and its surroundings. Additional statistics in the field of culture, of which the Brno Tourist and Information Centre is in charge, say that Brno’s cultural events and festivals are a great attraction – they were visited by almost one and a half million spectators. The residents of Brno like not only culture, but also sports, both actively and passively. For this area, therefore, we bring the statistics of the average attendance of two large sports clubs: an average of 7,700 spectators at a Kometa hockey match and 2,900 spectators at a Zbrojovka football match.
ENVIRONMENTZobrazit textový popis / Read More
A healthy environment and the combination of the natural and urban landscapes are additional motives for the development of the city. Is Brno doing well in a situation when the year 2019 was the second warmest here since 1961? The drought, widely discussed everywhere, strengthens our determination to manage rainwater well, even though the annual total rainfall was slightly higher than in previous poor years – almost 580 mm. It is the warming in particular that leads us to the monitoring of the temperatures of various surfaces in the city. Did you know that the average summer temperature we measure on paved surfaces is 40⁰C and 50 ⁰C on roofs, while trees and green areas reach pleasant temperatures around 25⁰C? Slightly digressing we may add that the sun can also be an important source of energy for Brno – the annual energy potential of an average Brno roof is 1,000 kWh/sqm. But let’s go back to greenery and its ability to be a natural air conditioner: it is good that greenery occupies more than half of the built-up area of the city, but it is not evenly distributed. Therefore, it is necessary to implement measures to mitigate the effects of heat waves, especially with the help of greenery. Such measures can also be implemented by the city’s residents themselves – in 2019, the city provided support to 59 individual applications under subsidy programmes and handed out more than CZK 20 million; most of the money and projects were directed to green roofs. An important part of the city greenery is also trees, which were hit hard by drought and heat last year. Last year, more than a thousand trees had to be cut down, especially in the Wilson Forest; however, almost 700 new trees were replanted. During our walks, all of us see the extent to which the inner-city forests will still change in this respect. It is a great advantage of Brno that there are 70 rare natural places, so-called important landscape features, including forest communities in particular. We can also look at nature conservation in the city through light pollution – it creates up to 15 times greater brightness in Brno than the natural night sky would have without artificial brightness. That is why, for example, the Observatory on Kraví Hora has installed biodynamic lamps, which change the colour of light according to the situation. And we will stick to the “sky” for a while and look at the level of air pollution in Brno. The good news is that the situation has improved compared to previous years, and the number of days with exceeded emission limits has decreased at almost all measuring stations (except for Zvonařka). Air protection and pollution are related, among other things, to traffic congestion, and especially individual car traffic. That is why Brno supports public transport and one of the forms of this support is a subsidy for an annual electronic season ticket, called a “šalinkarta” in Brno – this bonus was appreciated by 36 thousand residents of the city in 2019.
GOVERNANCEZobrazit textový popis / Read More
The Statutory City of Brno wants to be a well-managed city – by this we do not mean only the efficient functioning of the Brno City Municipality, but also the administration of 29 city districts, 9 city-invested companies and 35 contributory organisations of the city. You might be interested to know that the Statutory City of Brno employs over three and a half thousand employees. We know that running around offices is not a lot of fun, and that is why the city tries to handle as much of its agenda as possible with the inhabitants online. The electronic identity, established by means of the Brno iD, is used for this. The Brno iD account already has over 135,000 users, and last year payments for various services of the city worth more than CZK 300 million were collected through it. Something new is going on in the city every day, month after month, and therefore Brno has long placed an emphasis on the provision of information. One (though not the only) important information channel is the Brno Metropolitan, which is published 11 times a year. At the same time, however, we want to obtain information from the city’s residents themselves, and that is why the city conducts a number of sociological surveys – last year it was a survey entitled Housing in Brno, which revealed, for example, how people are (dis-)satisfied with living in Brno – only 6% of respondents were dissatisfied, or how residents differ according to the legal relationship to their housing. We know from the results that 60% is ownership housing, 30% is tenancy housing, 5% are housing association homes and the remaining 5% are other forms of housing. Good provision of information, whether to or from the public, is therefore one of the pillars for further possible involvement of residents in everything that is going on in the city. In this regard, Brno also uses social networks, where the city has almost 25,000 fans. Another interesting tool for involving residents directly in the running of the city is the Participatory Budget, which attracted over 13 thousand voters last year – they eventually selected 14 projects to be implemented in Brno. However, the budget designated for these projects is only a fraction of the city’s total budget: the city’s expenditure in 2019 reached CZK 15 billion and revenues were even higher, resulting in the city having a slight surplus of CZK 0.2 billion last year. This gives the city, together with the improved international rating by Moody’s, a good starting position for the upcoming, probably quite difficult period, which cities (and not only) in the Czech Republic will have to deal with. A meaningful direction is represented by intensive cooperation between the city and its hinterland. We are no newcomers in this regard: this cooperation has been going on for years within the Brno Metropolitan Area, which has now been newly redefined and in which almost 60% of the population of the South Moravian Region lives (we have already mentioned the economic performance of this functional and organic complex).
RESOURCESZobrazit textový popis / Read More
Resources and energy are crucial for every city. They stay in the background and sometimes we do not think much about them, yet they form an important part of the urban organism. Waste can be and will be more and more one of the resources in the future. In 2019, the people of Brno produced over 100 thousand tonnes of waste, and this production once again increased. However, the recycling rate has increased to 20%. This is definitely helped by an increasing number of containers, especially those for sorted waste – last year there were 7,088 of them. Another of the key sources is drinking water – the positive thing is that water consumption has been declining for several years: it is now 106.5 litres per person per day. The sun can also be an important source of energy for Brno – the annual energy potential of an average Brno roof is 1,000 kWh/sqm. A large proportion of resources in general is nibbled away by daily mobility, with some modes being more friendly and effective than others. That is why we monitor the so-called modal split in Brno on a long-term basis. This modal split tells us the share of passengers using particular modes of transport. Reduction of the share of public transport and private car transport in favour of pedestrian and cycle transport (or combination thereof) seems to be the most important trend. 31% of passengers use car on a daily basis, which is less than in 2014, and public transport is used by 53% of passengers (same as in 2014). The vast majority of passengers are satisfied with public transport and only one of ten passengers is not. Brno takes good care of its public transport (its network is 520 km long) and people are satisfied with it, yet the use of cars is increasing. The number of passenger cars rose by almost 8 thousand to more than 206 thousand year-on-year – it is no wonder that Brno drivers spent 30% of their time in traffic congestion. Car transport takes its toll, too – compared to the previous year, in 2019 the number of traffic accidents increased to 2,777, of which 120 involved cyclists. This brings us to the unsatisfying infrastructure for cyclists in Brno and a low sum dedicated to its development. One may argue that there are not suitable conditions for cycling in Brno, but this is not entirely true. Steep terrain forms only 27% and the rest of the city terrain is flat. Yet we have only 33 km of cycle paths which is the least of comparably sized EU cities. As mobility is not limited to urban transport only, let’s conclude with a glance at the air transport. Brno Airport handled the highest number of passengers in its history – over 540 thousand.